Dog arthritis is a degenerative disease that causes stiffness of the joints and muscles and restricts the dog’s mobility. Although severity varies, arthritis in dogs is extremely painful. It is a very common condition that affects one in three or four dogs.
Causes Of Arthritis In Dogs
This painful condition is common in older dogs, as wear over time affects the joints. Younger dogs can also, though less often, develop arthritis.
In contrast to arthritis in older dogs, which are often caused by normal signs of wear, accidents, injuries, and certain infections, diseases and other health conditions such as joint deformities (eg hip dysplasia) are usually responsible for arthritis in younger dogs.
Although there are various forms of arthritis, the cause of any kind is the inflammation in a joint. The different types of arthritis are classified according to the original cause of this inflammation.
Degenerative joint disease, often referred to as osteoarthritis, is the most common form of arthritis in dogs. Often associated with aging, osteoarthritis develops over time.
Normal wear or injury to a joint can damage the ligaments and/or cartilage of the joint and reduce the production of synovial fluid that lubricates and protects the bones. The end result is degeneration of the joint tissue, stiffness, and pain.
Cartilage damage and posterior arthritis can also be caused by excessive weight, too frequent jumping over obstacles, tearing or stretching of the ligaments during strenuous exercise, and malformations of the joints such as hip dysplasia or kneecaps. “loose”, among other things.
The mechanism of second major arthritis, referred to as inflammatory joint disease, differs from mechanical stress or trauma responsible for the degenerative joint disease. It is also much rarer than osteoarthritis.
This form of canine arthritis can be caused by a bacterial infection (eg Staphylococcus or Streptococcus), a tick-borne disease such as Rocky Mountain Spots or a fungal infection in a joint, but it can also be caused by autoimmune diseases, some of them hereditary.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an example of arthritis caused by an autoimmune disease, but fortunately, it is rare in dogs. Arthritis resulting from the autoimmune disease usually affects multiple joints.
The inflammatory joint disease is often characterized by systemic symptoms such as fever, loss of appetite and widespread generalized stiffness.
Unlike arthritis, which usually causes degenerative joint disease, which is generally slow and gradual, arthritic symptoms of the acute inflammatory joint disease are sudden and acute.
The Symptoms Of Arthritis In Dogs
Despite the difficulty of making an accurate diagnosis, dogs suffering from arthritis have one or more of the following symptoms of arthritis in dogs:
Dogs with arthritis often go slowly to balance their limbs, especially if more than one joint is affected.
Reluctance To Normal Activities
Dogs with arthritis tend to have activities that were previously normal, such as As climbing stairs or running, jumping on furniture, playing with balls or other toys and walking, only reluctant to perform.
When they go for a walk, they often fall back because they prefer to walk slowly.
Slowness Or Difficulty Getting Up From Rest Positions
Long or stiff getting up after bedtime is one of the most common symptoms of arthritis in dogs.
Some dogs with arthritis suffer from changes in their personality. Being lethargic, depressed, nervous, or overly aggressive are examples of temperamental changes that can occur in dogs affected by arthritis.
And a once very affectionate dog who loved the bodily attention of the owner can begin to resist a touch.
Anti-inflammatory drugs such as NSAIDs can be used to relieve pain, inflammation, swelling, and stiffness associated with arthritis. Analgesics such as aspirin or acetaminophen can also stimulate the movement by helping to overcome pain.
When arthritis causes extreme pain, direct injection of cortisone into the joint can bring about relief almost immediately.
There are also a large number of supplements for joint health in dogs and arthritis. Most contain glucosamine and chondroitin, but some contain additional ingredients such as certain vitamins and minerals.
Finally, it can also help by giving your dog a comfortable and soft sleeping space like a thick foam pillow.
Contributed By Ondimuogega1